Arquivo para mulheres

Colombia aprova mulher na maçônaria

Posted in Sem classificação específica, Textos genéricos! with tags , , on 15/12/2010 by J.D.

Apresentação adotado para vinculação das mulheres na Maçonaria

O Supremo Conselho, de 33 de A. da Colômbia. E:. A:. A:., fundada em 1833, em reunião realizada no sábado, 4 de dezembro de 2010 na cidade de Barranquilla, basta tomar uma decisão histórica para a Maçonaria colombiano. Aprovado um documento sobre quais os passos que são necessários para a participação das mulheres na Maçonaria. Para este efeito, as jurisdições Grand Lodges são delegadas a administração dos três primeiros graus, permitindo a criação de mulheres e alojamentos mistos, pousadas que desejam continuar a trabalhar como um macho, eles poderiam fazê-lo. Este documento será devidamente discutido com as Grandes Lojas que trabalham sob sua obediência, e depois prosseguir para a regulamentação, o que pode ser feito por meio de tratados entre as potências maçônicas.

Grand Lodges jurisdições que assinaram o tratado, enquanto potências maçônicas, o Supremo Conselho, de 33 de A. da Colômbia. E:. A:. A:., devem adaptar suas constituições e estatutos às novas condições estabelecidas.

Com esta determinação Maçonaria colombiano, tendo a decisão do Grande Oriente de França, no Convento de Vichy, na França, no mês de setembro, aceita isso como uma nova verdade histórica para o mundo maçônico, que não pode ficar fora desta forma para consolidar e harmonizar os fluxos em que opera a Ordem Maçônica.

Fonte: Freemasons – Rede Social da Fraternidade Maçônica
Cortesia de Charris Mario Morales



O texto acima foi traduzido com Google Translator

Fonte original da reportagem:


Livro: Câmaras assombradas – as vidas das primeiras mulheres maçons

Posted in Livros with tags , , , on 12/11/2010 by J.D.

O livro é em inglês, o título original é: Haunted Chambers: The Lives of Early Women Freemasons, acho que traduzimos certo!!! Bom seja como for, segue o link para quem tiver interesse em adquirí-lo:

These women aren’t supposed to have existed. But they did. “Haunted Chambers”, for the first time ever, presents not only the most complete list of early women Freemasons but also as much detail about their lives as can still be found. Here are their stories, long suppressed, ignored and marginalized. They include medieval women stone cutters; so-called “adoptive” women Freemasons; an aristocrat; a countess; an early New Brunswick settler; a war hero; a writer of women’s rights; an immigrant Irish girl; the famed sculptress of Abraham Lincoln’s statue in the US Capitol Rotunda and many whose names are now lost. Some will find this book a challenge. Some would rather it never had been written, let alone published. “Haunted Chambers” is highly recommended to anyone who wants the actual history of these early women Freemasons and aren’t afraid to read it.

# Paperback: 292 pages
# Publisher: Cornerstone Book Publishers (March 30, 2009)
# Language: English
# ISBN-10: 1934935557
# ISBN-13: 978-1934935552

Boa compra e Boa leitura!

As Mulheres na Maçonaria de Portugal e Espanha

Posted in Sem classificação específica, Textos genéricos! with tags , , , , on 08/06/2010 by J.D.

“As Mulheres na Maçonaria de Portugal e Espanha” é o tema da conferência que o historiador José Antonio Ferrer Benimeli, padre jesuíta e Director do Centro de Estudos Maçónicos da Universidade de Saragoça, proferirá no dia 5 de Junho, em Lisboa.

Organizada pelo Grémio Acácia, a conferência, que se integra nas comemorações do centenário do Ano Internacional da Mulher, criado no Congresso da Internacional Socialista realizado em 1910 na Dinamarca, decorrerá durante um jantar no Real Palácio Hotel (Rua Tomás Ribeiro, 115, Lisboa).


Loja maçonica feminina em Cuba

Posted in Sem classificação específica, Textos genéricos! with tags , , on 08/06/2010 by J.D.

Loja maçonica feminina em Cuba:

Para saber mais recomendo a leitura direto da fonte:

Porém como a Internet é uma caixade surpressas as vezes os textos simplesmente desaparecem, decidi copiar aqui o conteúdo do link acima, segue abaixo, boa leitura:


Women Freemasons in Cuba
April 6, 2010 | Print This Post Print This Post Email to a Friend Email to a Friend

By Alfredo Fernandez Rodriguez, photos: Irina Echarry

Cuban Female Freemasons.

HAVANA TIMES, April 6 — Currently I’m a professor teaching the history of philosophy at the University of Havana.  During a previous course, while I was getting signatures from my students for their exams, something unexpected occurred: When signing her form a coed added three dots, which is what identifies those who are Freemasons.  I was thinking this was no more than the student’s bad sense of humor, but when I asked her about it she responded, “But prof, I’m a Mason.”

At the time I didn’t believe her because I’d always heard that women were prohibited from practicing Masonry; the most they can be are “Hijas de la Acacia,” an association of women that to me are a sort of women’s Masonry.

The student continued by telling me that female Masons perform rites almost the same way as  men, that the society had come to Cuba through Chilean colleagues, and that there were now two lodges on the island – one in Havana and the other in Pinar del Rio.

Prior to this, the closest thing I’d ever heard connecting women with Masonry was an incident in France —still unconfirmed by historiography— involving Louise Michel (1830-1905), an anarchist and animal rights advocate who was buried with Freemason honors upon her death in Marseilles.

Female Masonic Lodge in Cuba.

Later, when searching in Google, I was even more astonished to find that women such as Flora Tristan (1803-1844) and Helena P. Blavatsky (1831-1891) were also Masons: the first was a French activist for women’s emancipation, workers rights and against the death penalty; and the second a Russian-American who was a founder of the Theosophical Society.  Upon Blavatsky’s death, Jose Marti dedicated a short writing to her.

In my opinion, a fellowship association such as the Cuban women’s Masonry can serve as a subtle but effective blow against national machismo.

With that in mind, this interview was conducted with Leticia Cora Guerra, Master Mason; and Aryan Lisset Garcia, Junior Warden; both of the Venus No. 23 Lodge.

Leticia, when I reviewed articles I found on Google concerning women’s Masonry in Cuba, it became obvious that a certain figure in Cuban men’s Masonry, Manuel Collara Vento, the Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Cuba from 2000 to 2003, is recognized as a “strong defender of the admission of women into this institution.” However, when I asked other male Freemasons about women’s inclusion in Masonry, a large percentage believed it was not a place for women.  So, what’s been the reception by your colleagues of the opposite sex to Cuban women’s Masonry?

Before answering the question I should point out to you that I’m aware of the excellent work undertaken by male Cuban Masonry over its 150 years of existence, given that it’s the “daughter of the United Grand Lodge of England (UGLE),” which is the equivalent to being governed by the Anderson Constitution, the early fundamental law of January 17, 1723.

Of course with that foundation (according to its third heading, paragraph four), it speaks of “harboring in its bosom those men who are good and loyal, free from birth, of a mature and reasonable age and of good reputation; with it being forbidden to admit into the Masonry, slaves, women and immoral men whose behavior would be the cause of scandal.”

As one can see, we were generically excluded. But in relation to the female sex, we have to ask what was the historical and social context in which this constitution emerged?  It’s enough to point out that at the time we weren’t considered human, only objects without the ability to reason.  We were not individuals; our identity was defined by our belonging to a father or a husband.  Today we have to ask ourselves: What does it now mean for a Masonic entity belonging to the United Grand Lodge of England, in this case the Cuban male Masonry, to recognize us as women Masons?

Leticia Cora Guerra

It means losing their “regularity” [a constitutional mechanism whereby Grand Lodges recognize one another]. The concepts of Regular and Irregular that are presently in use are obsolete in my modest assessment, and fortunately in that of thousands of brothers and sisters in Cuba and around the world.  Now, in the middle of 21st century, regularity goes beyond gender and it’s apt for me to point out that the two Cuban women’s Masonic lodges —Venus No. 23 and Victoria No. 24— were legally incorporated as lodges in rigorously-carried-out ceremonies within the practice of the Rito Escocés Antigua y Aceptada (Early and Accepted Scottish Rite or R.E.A.A.) with Carta Patente of the Grand Women’s Lodge of Chile, a Masonic entity recognized worldwide.

Alfredo, I have to say I’m delighted, as are thousands and sisters and brothers.  Not all Freemasons have remained stuck in time.  Concretely, there are wonderful people with revolutionary ideas in Cuba who shine from their own inner light.  Because of this, I can divide the reception that women’s Masonry in our country has received by male Freemason brothers into three groups.

Before this, though, I should say it’s clear that we’re free thinkers and that we’re also free to discern and say what we think, but all of that must always be done with tact, and above all with respect, because many of us are mothers, wives and the daughters of freemasons.

In terms of the three groups…

Group One: These are the ones who don’t accept us and therefore don’t recognize us, with the majority experiencing sharp internal debates in their groups with respect to us, always guarding a marked distance from us.  Along with them there’s an even more disrespectful, offensive and completely intolerant minority, sadly distant from the essential values that a true Mason must have.

Group Two: This is made up of those who are skeptical and fearful of openly expressing sympathy toward us, but who don’t fail to offer their consent —though they do so with great discretion— each time they have the opportunity.

Group Three:  These are the men who openly welcome us with love and recognize us any time and place as their “dear sisters.”  They don’t simply deny evolution, neither of women nor of the Order, tying it to the insurmountable limits of a dead past.  These are dear brothers who see us beyond differences of gender, because they only see human beings in women’s bodies.  They see that we’re making efforts daily to become more cultured and to glorify our work.  They see that we are women who, just like them, found in Masonry a different way of facing life.  They recognize that these are women who strengthen their homes and their social environment with the daily cultivation of values.

I want to emphasize that each and every one of us women Masons do indeed see ourselves as equals.  We recognize all of our brothers, respecting their ideas, concepts, conservatism and limits, hoping that on one not-too-distant day we can share together, beyond the boundaries, celebrating the triumph of the dynamic force that moves today’s progressive Masonry beyond the static tendencies of the past.

Lisset, if the education of women in western culture is determined “inside the home,” let’s say by attending to the husband, educating the children and remaining in the house for the greatest amount of time possible, then it must not be easy being a female Mason?

There’s a famous sociological study on gender called The Glass Ceiling.  It gets its name from the fact that there’s a high and invisible surface hovering above the careers of working women and is difficult to break through; it prevents them from advancing.  Its invisible character stems from the fact that there exist neither laws, nor established social mechanisms nor visible codes that impose similar limitations on women; rather, they are built on the basis of other features that are difficult to detect precisely because of their invisibility.

Aryan Lisset Garcia

This ceiling is transparent and imaginary, but it exists as a constraint against all women who attempt to develop themselves outside of that context you call “inside the home.”  I’m of the opinion that members of the family should be conscious that the responsibilities for the home fall on each member; only if it is viewed like this will it be possible to build a true family.

Women Masons seek to remedy these wrongs by educating women to be strong, enterprising and especially capable in any circumstance and in facing whatever task.  However, this must be done without abandoning her place in the home, helping her partner to build a better family and a better society based on the values advocated and defended by Masonry, which are in fact universal values.

So we work on the basis of valuing the family, respect and the recognition of women, because we believe these are the measures needed to increase their self-esteem and responsibility.

Leticia, in their iconography, the men’s lodges exhibit paintings of Cuban patriots who were Freemasons. What are the paintings exhibited in the lodges of female Cuban Masons? Do these have portraits of Cuban Freemason patriots or those of women Masons from other countries?

Unfortunately, Cuban female Masonry today still doesn’t have its own temples.  We are two itinerant lodges that meet with all the rigor of consecration, both ceremonial and ritual.  Women participate in educational chambers at the homes of sister Masons as well as in the facility at the Orden Caballero de la Luz, where each time we have to set up and take down our temple. This makes it difficult for us to decorate our facilities with paintings and portraits of Cuban patriots who were Freemasons.

Nevertheless we have always envisioned that when we have our own temple we would adorn the hall with the artwork by Cuban and internationally recognized female artists, such as Amelia Pelaez, Flora Fong; Zaida del Rio, with whom we’ve already had contact; and the Spanish painter Maria de los Remedios Varo.  Of course both of our lodges are also open to including art by our dear brothers, as well as pieces by male artists who want to donate a little bit of their work to us.

We guard and honor images of our dear Freemason brothers of Cuba and of all the Americas —such as Marti and Juarez, to cite only two examples— as well as memorable pictures of female Masons from this and other centuries.  Many of these paintings and portraits were exhibited as posters in the Camara Docente de Verano (Summer Educational Assembly) that we held in August 2009 at the Fernando Ortiz Foundation.  At that event, we didn’t solely involve and exhibit female Cuban Masons, we also enjoyed the presence of our male brothers, friends and relatives.

It is important to point out that though the patriot Freemason brethren are not physically present, their legacy is maintained in their constant presence in our workshops. For example, every January 28 we perform a special ritual dedicated to our dear brother Jose Marti, and during National Culture week we pay tribute to the Cuban flag, which is Masonic in its symbolic entirety; moreover, all of the Freemason patriots who participated in its making were assisted by valiant women.

Lisset, on the Internet there’s a picture of some of the first services of women Masons in Cuba.  From this photo I’m curious that while presently more than 50 percent of the Cuban population is black or mestizo, at least 95 percent of the female Cuban Masons present in that session were white women or appear to be.  Obviously I know it’s not among your aims to segregate any woman owing to their color because that would be violating one of the basic principles of fraternity, equality.  But just the same, let me ask you: Will black Cuban women have to deal with the same obstacles in relation to Masonry that they face daily in integrating other institutions?

Look Alfredo, segregation in Cuba today is a burning issue.  Recently the issue was dealt with openly on Cuban television.  Diverse points of views were presented, some less direct than others but generally all of them were about the acceptance of the fact that there is a problem.  In fact, in many sectors there exists the problem of racial discrimination as sharp as the gender problem.

Decorating the mobile temple.

Presently we’re working to eradicate every situation that morally, physically, spiritually and intellectually attacks our women.  It would not be wise or ethical to fall into a dichotomy in which we begin to do one thing and advocate another.

All institutions are subject to human errors because they’re made up of people.  When bad things occur we cannot place the blame on anybody other than ourselves.  As long as we continue doing what’s right so that we avoid any racial obstacle or any other type of hindrance as established under our current norms, which don’t differ much from the general ones.

You’ll note that we are an example of racial integration in our Pinar del Rio lodge. There, Victoria No. 24 lodge is beautifully adorned with black women.  In fact the current Grand Master of Pinar del Rio is black, as is part of the leadership of our lodge, Venus No. 23.  There are mestizo women in the lodge I’m in.

So we would never even think of promoting something as vile and contemptible as preventing the membership of a dear sister in our temple because of the color of her skin.  Perhaps there exist examples in other places where this is done, but that isn’t the situation in our case, and I believe that has been one of the reasons —despite the obstacles in our road— that women continue struggling for and supporting our goal.  In women’s Masonry in Cuba there’s definitively a place for respect and recognition for all women.

Leticia, so when will the “Grand Masonic Temple of Women” be built in Cuba?

We’re not desperate. Right now we’re in a stage of consolidation, growth and learning.  We are in line with an education and activities timetable being coordinated with our Masonic sponsor, The Grand Women’s Lodge of Chile, according to which we should constitute ourselves as a Grand Lodge between 2010 and 2011.

Nevertheless, we’re advancing in short but firm steps.  It’s not our goal to grow in quantity, but in quality.  To legally constitute ourselves as a Grand Lodge, we must have three lodges according to Law 54/85, the Associations Law, and its concordant 1986 Regulation.  Currently in Cuba there exist some 60 female Masons distributed among the three symbolic “degrees of Craft” and the two lodges (Victoria No. 24 in the valleys of Pinar del Rio and Venus No. 23 in the city of Havana). There are also sisters in the surrounding Havana province, the municipalities of Bejucal and Artemisa, as well as “Promotion Groups” existing in the cities of Cienfuegos and Santiago de Cuba and some about to form in Holguin and Bayamo, in addition to several candidates now in the process of joining.

What is now an unstoppable fact are the stories that female Cuban Masons are writing today.  In a near future these will be the pillars that sustain the Grand Women’s Masonic Lodge of Cuba.

Lisset, in your way of seeing things, what are the most important challenges facing Cuban women today?

You don’t have to be much of an observer to realize that Cuban women are self-sacrificing and hard working, with their main challenges being the combining of home and family duties with other activities that allow them to expand their intellectual and spiritual capacity, such as work or study, and in our case Masonry.

It’s known that in their great majority, women are the ones who carry the weight of the family. The education of children falls mainly on their shoulders, almost always on the basis of appropriate values, though today many have gotten lost.

But the main challenge that woman today must face is a lack of consciousness in general terms, individuals unaware of their true role and there is a lack of consciousness on the part of many that the same things exists inside and outside of the home.  They don’t admit that women are also part of society and that they’re entitled to be recognized in it as vital elements in the formation and transformation of that society.  We are the other half of the universe and rightfully so.  We are the mothers, sisters and wives of that half that is at times harsh and disrespectful toward women.

Do you believe women’s Masonry in Cuba will end up achieving the same success as male Masonry; and if not, what might prevent it from accomplishing that?

Alfredo, being a female Mason is in no way a category of banal recognition that distinguishes us, but above all it is a duty of commitment, assumed first with ourselves and then before our society, before the Grant Women’s Lodge of Chile, which trusted a group of Cuban women and deposited the Masonic light in us, before Latin America, the world and basically before the Masonic people.

We are still very small. April 1 will mark barely two years since our creation.  I think it’s absurd to compare us to the 150-year existence of Cuban men’s Masonry.  Two years ago our Chilean sisters put the necessary tools in our hands for us to become better women, free thinkers, lovers of work as it dignifies us as human beings.

We are women who day after day when getting up make each good action our personal legend for everything that surrounds us.  We’re not perfect, but beginning with our initiations we’re made aware that we are perfectible and this makes us strong and unites us.

Success will depend solely and exclusively on not giving up for an instant.  It will depend on the determination that moved each and every one of us to be a part of Universal Masonry, which is transforming us into better human beings.  We women Cubans were, are and will always be eager to be a fundamental link in the idea and materialization that a better world is possible and that nothing and no one will prevent that.

Thank you.



Cuba: Mulheres vestem avental maçonico

Posted in Sem classificação específica, Textos genéricos! with tags , , on 08/05/2010 by J.D.

Outra reportagem interessante sobre Cuba + Maçonaria + Mulheres:

Foto: Mónica Morós, Grand Chancellor of the Chilean Lodge.

Acho que vocês vão gostar de ler o texto de Patricia Grogg, segue o link:

Também segue o texto na integra abaixo: ”

Women Put On the Masonic Apron
By Patricia Grogg
Mónica Morós, Grand Chancellor of the Chilean Lodge. / Credit:IPS/Cuba
Mónica Morós, Grand Chancellor of the Chilean Lodge.


HAVANA, Apr 7 , 2008 (IPS) – More than 30 women have become pioneers of female Freemasonry in socialist Cuba, founding two lodges under the auspices of the Women’s Grand Lodge of Chile, which will provide them with support and advice until they can function independently.

“We want them to do things in their own way, according to their customs,” Mónica Morós told IPS. She is the grand chancellor of the Chilean lodge, which sent a delegation of over 40 women Masons to Havana to initiate the Cuban women and set up the Venus and Victoria lodges.

Cuban Masonry follows the Ancient Landmarks, the set of principles, customs and traditions that enshrine the obligations of this society, including Masonic secrecy, and selected membership of adult men who respect morality.

But the sponsorship of the Chilean lodge frees the Cuban women from the rules of the male Grand Lodge of Cuba, which could not accept women among its members without risking the loss of its regular status and recognition by the other grand lodges with which it maintains fraternal relations.

In any case, the precept that excludes women “was superceded many years ago,” said Miriam Silva, the public relations officer of the Chilean lodge and a member, with Morós, of the delegation headed by Most Serene Grand Master Oriana Valdés.

The necessary rites took place on Apr. 2 in a locale lent by a Baptist Church, in the absence of a building of its own for the Venus Lodge, in Havana. The Victoria Lodge will be located in the city of Pinar del Río in western Cuba.

The Chilean women initiated 24 Cuban Master Masons and eight Apprentices. “They are ready to get to work. They are enthusiastic, and all they lack is a functioning institution, with their own place to work, which will give them stability,” Silva said.

Digna Gisela Medina, Worshipful Master of the Venus Lodge, said that some 60 Cuban women want to be initiated into Freemasonry, and the group will now focus on creating a third lodge, possibly at Caibarién, on the north coast, which will allow them to form the Women’s Grand Lodge of Cuba.

The group of new Masons includes doctors, teachers, technicians of various specialties, musicians, singers, psychologists, homemakers and university students. The youngest is 18 and the eldest is over 60. “We’re ready to grow,” said Medina, who led the organisational work prior to the creation of the two lodges.

“Being Masons has given us greater expectations as human beings, our thinking is becoming more developed, which makes us more capable of understanding reality and dealing with it. It’s a challenge,” said 46-year-old Medina, a doctor specialising in head and neck surgery at the Calixto García Teaching Hospital, in the Cuban capital.

Medina and the other Cuban women who spoke with IPS see no contradiction at all between Freemasonry and the social and political order they live in. “On the contrary, now I feel better prepared to help other people as equals, in solidarity, and to contribute to all aspects of the life of my country,” said Maritza Pérez, a 42-year-old doctor.

Silva ruled out any traces of “feminism” among women Masons. “We believe in equality and universality of work for both sexes, but as women we undoubtedly have to make up for centuries of backwardness,” she said.

“We welcome all organisations that work to benefit women. Masonry can help women to develop, to understand themselves better, as well as their role in society and in civilian life in general,” said the public relations officer and former Grand Master of the women’s Grand Lodge of Chile.

José Manuel Collera, Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Cube from 2000 to 2003, said he was a strong supporter of the role of women in Freemasonry. “There is no doctrinal, philosophical, esoteric or initiatory reason to prevent a woman from becoming a Mason. Everything Masons do can be done by women as well as men,” he said.

In his view, women’s Freemasonry is an unstoppable force in the world today, matching women’s position in modern society. “Excluding women has caused the order to lose its appeal in the modern world, because women are the most important element in society,” he said.

Masonry is self-described as a progressive, philanthropic institution made up of free-thinking persons of good character who seek self-improvement. People of different religious creeds and atheists coexist within it, as do Masons of different political and philosophical persuasions.

The political polarisation that marked the first few years of the Cuban Revolution, headed by Fidel Castro, led to the weakening of Freemasonry in Cuba, in particular because of the exodus of many of its members. But after that, Masonry began to grow again. Today it has some 30,000 members and 316 lodges.

Collera said that Masonry in Cuba, which dates back to 1859, is “of the people” because the majority of those who fought for the island’s independence from Spain were Masons, including national hero José Martí. (END)



Mulheres cubanas se candidatam a lojas maçonicas

Posted in Sem classificação específica, Textos genéricos! with tags , , , on 08/05/2010 by J.D.

Muito interessante este post, esta em inglês e espanhol pois cita outras fontes.

Recomendo a leitura pois além de tratar de temas como maçonaria + mulheres dá uma visão sobre a maçonaria em Cuba, algo que para muitos é desconhecido.


Segue abaixo apenas o texto:”

Cuban Women Apply for Masonic Rites
December 19, 2007 · 1 Comment

Maria Deraismes, French feminist author, lecturer and politician, co-founder of Co-Freemasonry along with Georges Martin, through the La Respectable Loge, Le Droit Humain, Maçonnerie Mixte (Worshipful Lodge, Human Rights, Co-Masonry) in Paris.

IPS | Dec 18, 2007

By Patricia Grogg

HAVANA, Dec 18 (IPS) – A group of women are looking forward to founding the first women’s Masonic Lodge in Cuba next year, and so put an end to their traditional exclusion from Freemasonry, an esoteric society which is based on the ideals of liberty, equality and fraternity.

They are being helped in this endeavour by the Women’s Grand Lodge of Chile, which will send a delegation to Cuba in mid-2008 to initiate several dozen women in Havana and Pinar del Río, 157 kilometres west of the Cuban capital, the head of the Working Committee on Women’s Masonic Lodges in Cuba, Digna Gisela Medina, told IPS.

According to Medina, women have been interested in Freemasonry for centuries, but it is only recently that women’s Lodges have come into being.

“As women achieved their goals and their active participation in society grew, women’s Lodges started to be formed in many countries of the world,” she said.

This has already happened in France, Belgium, Spain, the United Kingdom, Chile, Argentina, Mexico, Uruguay, and other countries. “It seems to be an irreversible process, and we think that sooner rather than later, women Masons will be internationally accepted by the Regular Grand Lodges,” she added.

Fabian socialist, feminist and Theosophist 33rd degree Freemason Annie Besant

Masonry is self-described as a progressive, philanthropic institution made up of free-thinking persons of good character who seek self-improvement. People of different religious creeds and atheists coexist within it, as do Masons of different political and philosophical persuasions.

But one of the ancient fundamental precepts of the United Grand Lodge of England, which sponsors Regular Lodges all over the world, is to exclude women from the brotherhood. Initiation of women Masons, therefore, would appear to be irregular and problematic.

José Manuel Collera

However, José Manuel Collera, Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Cuba from 2000 to 2003, says that “like many other Masons,” he thinks this rule is now outmoded and should be revoked. “Personally, I have always defended the inclusion of women in Freemasonry,” he told IPS.

In his view, excluding women has caused the order to lose its appeal in the modern world. “Women are the most important element in society; they constitute half of humanity, and they are mothers of the other half. There is no doctrinal, philosophical, esoteric or initiatory reason to prevent a woman from becoming a Mason,” he argued.

Collera acknowledged, however, that Cuban women have had to overcome several hurdles in their quest, especially among some of the most conservative male Masons. “But these are only conflicting currents of thought, not an official position of Freemasonry as a whole,” he said.

In any event, sponsorship by the Women’s Grand Lodge of Chile removes any risk of the male Grand Lodge of Cuba losing its regularity and the recognition of the other Grand Lodges it is in amity with, by transgressing the ancient boundaries and accepting women among its numbers.

Women’s Masonry uses the Scottish rite, also practised by the male Cuban Lodges, so the symbols, rituals and initiations will be the same for men and women, said Medina, 46, who is a specialist in maxillofacial surgery at the Calixto García teaching hospital in Havana.

Among the groups of Masonic aspirants, aged 18 to 60, there are professional women and homemakers, Catholics and state employees. “The important qualities are that they should be virtuous, discreet, hardworking, and of course keen to join the Masons,” said Medina, whose father and husband are Freemasons.

Political activism or belonging to other social organisations are no bar to becoming a Mason, Collera and Medina said.

The Working Committee led by Medina was formed two years ago in Havana, and is made up of about 30 women. In Pinar del Río there are 32 women aspirants, and interest has spread to Caibarién, a town on the north coast of the province of Villa Clara, 268 kilometres from Havana, where a new group of women is getting under way.

There are plans for another Working Committee to be set up in Santiago de Cuba, the country’s second-largest city, which is 847 kilometres southeast of Havana. “We are not interested so much in quantity as in quality,” Medina said.

Statistics from 2004 indicate that there are 29,000 Masons in Cuba, organised in over 300 Lodges. The governing body of the order is the Grand Lodge of Cuba, and both the Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite, as well as the York Rite, are practised.

According to experts, throughout the history of Cuban Masonry women have always been associated with its activities, lending external support, but until now the felt need of women to enter the inner sanctum of its mysteries has gone unrecognised.

. . .



Lojas do grande oriente autorizadas a iniciar mulheres

Posted in Sem classificação específica, Textos genéricos! with tags , , , on 28/04/2010 by J.D.

O título original do Post é: “Les loges du Grand Orient autorisées à initier des femmes”

O texto original diz o seguinte:

“Les loges du Grand Orient autorisées à initier des femmes
Article publié le 13 Avril 2010
Par Stéphanie Le Bars
Source : LE MONDE
Taille de l’article : 328 mots

Extrait :

L’instance juridictionnelle du Grand Orient de France, obédience maçonnique masculine depuis sa création au XVIIIe siècle, a autorisé, jeudi 8 avril, l’initiation des femmes. Cette décision survient après des années de débat et les refus répétés de la majorité des loges d’initier des « soeurs ». Les quelque 1 100 loges ont donc désormais la liberté d’accueillir ou non des femmes. Plusieurs loges avaient procédé ces dernières années à l’initiation « sauvage » de six femmes, ce qui avait entraîné leur suspension. Ces événements avaient aussi remis la question au coeur des discussions. “.

O extrato em portugues traduzido com ajuda do Google Translate na integra “sem alterações” é o seguinte:

O órgão judicial do Grande Oriente de França, os homens maçônico desde o seu início no século XVIII, abriu quinta-feira abril 8, a iniciação das mulheres. A decisão vem depois de anos de debate e recusa reiterada da maioria das lojas para iniciar a “irmãs”. Os cerca de 1.100 caixas de agora ter a liberdade de aceitar ou não as mulheres. Várias caixas eram feitas nos últimos anos do início “selvagens” de seis mulheres, que levaram à sua suspensão. Estes eventos também colocar a questão no centro das discussões. “.

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